Coronavirus ...facts that you have to know - aksu360

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Coronavirus ...facts that you have to know

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Caronavirus is a newly identified respiratory virus that causes pneumonia was recently discovered in China. 

The first incidence of the virus was reported in China, and have also been reported in nearby countries in Asia, prompting U.S. health officials to start screening passengers coming from Wuhan (China) to several airports in the United States. 2 patients in the U.S. have been diagnosed with the disease so far, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said.

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that can cause a range of symptoms including a runny nose, cough, sore throat and fever. Some are mild, such as the common cold, while others are more likely to lead to pneumonia. They're usually spread through direct contact with an infected person.

The Coronavirus gets its name from the crown-like spikes on its surface, according to the CDC. (Corona is Latin for crown). Including the newly identified form of the virus, there are a total of 7 coronaviruses that can infect humans, the CDC says. Other well-known Coronaviruses include SARS and MERS.

Symptoms to watch for include fever, cough, shortness of breath, trouble breathing, body aches, sore throat or vomiting and diarrhea.

How does the new Coronavirus spread?
Researchers are still learning precisely how the new virus spreads from person to person.

"While we do not know all of the mechanisms of spread of the epidemic so far, there is likely spread by droplets and contaminated surfaces, and possible airborne [spread], similar to SARS," Dr. Mark Denison, a virologist at the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, said.

Coronaviruses in general are spread through close contact — a range of about 3 to 6 feet. The virus is primarily spread through a sick person coughing or sneezing on someone, said Dr. Kathy Lofy, a health officer in Washington state.

A person could also become infected through contact with the virus particles on a surface, though it's unknown how long the new Coronavirus can survive on surfaces outside of the body. If an infected person sneezes or coughs onto a surface, such as a countertop or doorknob, and another person touches that surface and then rubs his or her eyes or nose, for example, the latter may get sick.

How long does it take for someone to get sick?
The new Coronavirus's incubation period - meaning the time it takes from a person being infected with the virus to when they start showing symptoms - is still unknown.

However, public health experts are working under the assumption that the incubation period is about 14 days. It's unclear whether a person is contagious during the incubation period.

Does a face mask protect you from Coronavirus?
The CDC recommends that patients with the Coronavirus wear a face mask to protect others around them, or, if the patient cannot wear a face mask, others should if they are in the same room together.

How can I prevent Coronavirus?
One of the simplest prevention measures a person can take is proper hand-washing.

The CDC recommends washing hands with soap and water before eating, after using the bathroom, and after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, and before and after caring for a sick friend or a family member.

The most effective way to clean hands is to wet them with clean water, then apply soap and scrub for at least 20 seconds, before rinsing and drying with a clean towel.

Is there a Coronavirus vaccine?
There is no specific treatment for the new virus, and no vaccine to prevent it. The National Institutes of Health confirmed Tuesday it's in the "very preliminary stages" of research to develop a vaccine, but declined to provide details.

In addition, the drug company Regeneron is in the early stages of work on a potential treatment for this Coronavirus. The company previously developed a similar treatment for Ebola.

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